The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh Corgis that originated in Wales. It is one of the oldest herding breeds.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Appearance
The Cardigan is a long, low dog with upright ears and a fox-like appearance. The old American Kennel Club standard called it an “Alsatian on short legs”. Unlike the similar but unrelated Pembroke Corgi, the Cardigan’s tail is never docked. Cardigans can be any shade of red, sable, or brindle; they can also be black with or without tan brindle or blue merle (black and gray or marbled) with or without tan or brindle. They usually have white on the neck, chest, legs, muzzle, underneath, tip of the tail, and as a blaze on the head. Other markings include ticking on the legs and muzzle, smutty muzzles, monk’s hoods, and others. A few other unofficial colors can occur, such as red merle. An average Cardigan is around 10.5 to 12.5 inches (260 to 315 mm) tall at the withers and weighs from 30 to 38 lb. (13.6 to 17.2 kg) for the male and 25 to 34 lb. (11.3 to 15.4 kg) for the bitch.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Temperament
Originally bred for herding sheep and cattle, they have proven themselves as excellent companion animals and are outstanding competitors in sheepdog trials and dog agility. Cardigan Welsh Corgis were bred long and low to make sure that any kicks by cattle would travel safely over the dogs without touching them. Like most herding breeds, Cardigans are highly intelligent, active, athletic dogs. Affectionately known as “a big dog in a small package,” Cardigans are affectionate, devoted companions that can also be alert and responsible guardians. However, Cardigans can nip, especially small children, in an attempt to “herd” people.
Cardigan Corgi’s are typically a ‘one-man dog’. They are quite wary of strangers and prefer to reserve their affection for a select few with whom they are familiar. Thus, you have in a Cardi a dedicated and loyal companion.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi History
Cardigans originated from the Teckel Dogs, now more commonly known as Dachshunds. They are among the oldest of all herding breeds, originally coming only in brindle and red. Eventually, through crossbreeding with collies, the colors of the Cardi grew to include tricolor and blue merle. The phrase “cor gi” translates to “dwarf dog” in Welsh. The breed was often called “yard-long dogs” in older times. Today’s name comes from their area of origin, Cardiganshire, Wales. Originally used only as a farm guardian, they eventually took on the traits of a cattle drover, herder, and many more. They are still highly valued for their herding, working, and guarding skills, as well as their companionship. However, if a Cardigan, like most other herding dogs, does not have a job to do, it can become destructive.